Verb Ser Conjugation & Its Uses in Present Tense Spanish

The verb “Ser” means “To Be” in English.  It may seem simple, but there’s actually another verb in Spanish that also means “To Be”, and that is “Estar”…”Ser” and “Estar” typically cause a lot of confusion for Spanish-language learners, but it needn’t be that way! Below we explain the difference between “Ser” and “Estar”, but for a more in depth explanation, please review our article here or watch our video here:


To briefly explain “Ser” and “Estar”, please read the descriptions below:

Ser expresses origin (where someone is from), and a person’s occupation. It also describes inherent qualities of people and things that aren’t likely to change (expresses the norm), and is used to tell time.

Estar indicates the location of objects and people. It also expresses a temporary condition or state, such as how someone is feeling. It describes qualities that are likely to change and depart from the norm. Estar is also used to talk about the daily weather changes.

For conjugated examples of how to use “Ser” in present tense Spanish,  we’ve illustrated them in the “Ser” verb chart below. We’ve also created a video for audio & visual representation of “Ser”, and included it below the graphic…

As always, any comments, questions or suggestions, we’d love to hear from you! Please feel free to drop us a line, either here or on social media, and we’ll get right back to you 😉 Thanks for reading and watching!

present tense verb ser chart
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