Adjectives in Spanish

Adjectives are words that describe a noun (person, place or thing), and are used in the same way in Spanish as in English–just with a different placement is all.

For example, if we were to dissect this phrase: the sick boy, “the” is the article, “sick” is the adjective, and “boy” is the noun…

This is just meant to be a quick review, by the way, as generally we prefer to give examples over grammatical explanations.

Look at the examples below, and you will see that in Spanish we generally place the adjective after the noun, instead of before it:

the sick boy = el niño enfermo

the sick boys = los niños enfermos

Just like with articles and nouns, adjectives also show masculine & feminine gender, as well as singular & plural form in Spanish:

the sick girl = la niña enferma

the sick girls = las niñas enfermas

To mix it up even more, there are also adjectives that don’t show masculine or feminine— they only show singular or plural.  Adjectives that end in a “consonant” or an “E” are such examples…:

a big foot = un pie grande

some big feet = unos pies grandes

a big hand = una mano grande

some big hands = unas manos grandes

Here are examples of an adjective that ends in a consonant (note that it doesn’t show gender either…):

the blue eye = el ojo azul

the blue eyes = los ojos azules

the blue shirt = la camisa azul

the blue shirts = las camisas azules

If an adjective is a nationality & it ends in a consonant, or it’s an adjective that ends in a “DOR”, simply add an “A” to change it to the feminine form…See below for examples:

the spanish tourist (m) = el turista español

the spanish tourist (f) = la turista española

the spanish tourists (m) = los turistas españoles

the spanish tourists (f) = las turistas españolas

Here are examples of an adjective that ends in “DOR”…:

the charming man = el hombre encantador

the charming men = los hombres encantadores

the charming woman = la mujer encantadora

the charming women = las mujeres encantadoras

Below we’ve prepared an infographic that you could print out and use as a cheat sheet…It’s pretty detailed, we hope you like it 😉  We’ve also done a video below with practice exercises and audio for pronunciation…Please watch and leave us a comment if this has helped you in your understanding of Spanish in any way! As always, we love feedback, so any questions or confusions, just drop a line and we’d be happy to oblige 😉

infographic explaining how to use adjectives in spanish
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